Geshe Lhakdor was born in Yakra, Western Tibet in 1956. He escaped to India in 1962 when he was young and attended the Central School for Tibetans, in Dalhousie, India from 1972 to 1976. After finishing 11th class, he joined the Institute for Buddhist Dialectics in Dharamsala from 1976 to 1986, and studied Buddhist Philosophy and received the Master of Prajnaparamita in 1982. From December, 1986 to May, 1989 he served as translator and research assistant in Tibet House, the Cultural Centre of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, in New Delhi. He also received the Master of Madhyamika in 1989 and the Master of Philosophy from the University of Delhi. In 1995 he received the Geshe Degree from Drepung Loseling Monastic University in South India.
Ven. Geshe Lhakdor joined the office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama and has served His Holiness the Dalai Lama as his translator and religious assistant since 1989. A distinguished Buddhist scholar, Geshe Lhakdor was the English translator for His Holiness, the 14th Dalai Lama, from 1989 to 2005. He has co-translated and co-produced several books by His Holiness, including The Way to Freedom, The Joy of Living and Dying in Peace, Awakening the Mind and Lightening the Heart, and Stages of Meditation, among others.
Since 2002, Geshe Lhakdor has been an Honorary Professor at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. In 2008, he was also conferred an Honorary Professorship by the University of Delhi, Department of Psychology.
Since 2005, He has been the Director of the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives in Dharamshala India, and head of the Science Education Project. As Director of the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives in Dharamsala, Geshe la facilitates the Science for Monks program and shares his own expertise as a scholar of science and philosophy. Geshe is a trustee of the Foundation for Universal Responsibility, established by His Holiness. He is also the Director of the Central Archive of His Holiness and a member of the Advisory Board of the Institute of Tibetan Classics in Montreal, Canada.